On Tue, Nov 11, 2008 at 12:20 PM, David Schwartz wrote:
>> Yes. Hence the correct solution would be non-blocking with select()...
>> Best regards,
>> Lutz

> How do you determine (portably) if the socket you got from 'socket' is
> inside the legal range for FD_SET? Many platforms, including Linux, will
> happilly allow 'socket' to return values that are way out of range for
> FD_SET. And FD_SET has no error return.

You are supposed to be able to use the POSIX macro FD_SETSIZE,
which is an integer representing the largest file descriptor number that
can be indexed in an fd_set type.

if( fd <= FD_SETSIZE ) {
FD_SET( fd, &read_set );
} else {
/* fd is too large! */

You can also use the sysconf() system call with _SC_OPEN_MAX
to get another related upper bound.

The fd_set overflow problem can occur whenever the two values
are different such that

FD_SETSIZE < sysconf( _SC_OPEN_MAX )

Under strict POSIX, this should never be the case, but
in practice it occasionally is. I've seen this under HP-UX
for instance with certain kernel tuning.

What I've done in the past with good portability success it to
force the size of the structures to be much larger by using a
union. Almost all Unixes just use a packed-bit representation,
so as long as you allocate more bytes of storage everything
will work. I just pick some much larger maximum, and define my
own types. Other than FD_ZERO all the other function macros
seem to work just fine on the larger structures in every Unix
like system I've seen.

#define FD_SETSIZE_LARGE 4096

typedef union large_fd_set_union {
fd_set set;
unsigned char padding[ (FD_SETSIZE_LARGE/(sizeof(char)*8)) +
sizeof(long) ];
} large_fd_set;

Then I use them like this:

large_fd_set read_set;

/* To initialize */
memset( &read_set, 0, sizeof(read_set) )
FD_ZERO( &read_set.set );

/* To set an fd */
FD_SET( fd, &read_set.set );

/* To clear an fd */
FD_CLR( fd, &read_set.set );

/* To test */
if( FD_ISSET( fd, &read_set.set );

Deron Meranda
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