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Hi all,

I don't know if this make sense to fix, since apparently the ppd has
been around for a while, and nobody reports the problem...

The PPD for Apache2::PAR cannot be used for mp2 since 1.99. The module
names and all are outdated.

I've tried to fix the problem, mainly changing the namespaces. But it's
not working out. I'm stuck at migrating the import() function, where I
suspect my limited knowledge of Apache2::ServerUtil is hitting roadblocks.

I've attached my half-completed work. Anybody who is interested can
finish it and claim credit.


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package Apache2::PAR;

use constant DEBUG => 0;

use 5.005;
use strict;

require mod_perl2; # For version detection

# Since we don't use exporter, only export what we need

$VERSION = '0.00_01';

require Apache2::ServerUtil;
use Archive::Zip qw( AZ_OK );
Archive::Zip::setErrorHandler(sub {});

our @pardir = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARDir');
our @parfiles = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARFile');
our @parloc = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARInclude');

sub handler {
my $r = shift;
foreach (keys(%MTIME_LIST)) {
my $mtime = (stat($_))[9];
if($mtime > $MTIME_LIST{$_}) {
if($UNPACK_LIST{$_}) {
unpack_par(undef, $_, Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARTempDir'))
$MTIME_LIST{$_} = $mtime;

return 1;

sub import {
my $class = shift;
my @parentries = @_;
my $parext = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARExt') || 'par';
my $conf_file = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARConf') || 'web.conf';

my %parlist = ();
foreach my $parentry (@parentries) {
$parentry = Apache2::ServerUtil->server_root_relative($parentry);
$parentry =~ s/\/$//;
if(!(-e $parentry)) {
print STDERR "PAR: No such file or directory: $parentry\n";
if(-f _) {
$parlist{$parentry} = 1;
elsif(-d _) {
opendir(DIR, $parentry);
my @files = readdir(DIR);
foreach my $file (@files) {
next if($file !~ /\.$parext$/);
next if(!-f "$parentry/$file");
$parlist{"$parentry/$file"} = 1;
else {
print STDERR "PAR: Bad file type: $parentry\n";
my @pars = keys(%parlist);
eval 'require PAR; import PAR (@pars,keys(%PARFILE_LIST));';
die "Could not load PAR, $@\n" if $@;

foreach my $file (@pars) {
my $zip = Archive::Zip->new;
my $rv = $zip->read($file);
unless($rv == AZ_OK && defined($zip)) {
print STDERR "$file does not seem to be a valid PAR (Zip) file. Skipping.\n";

my $mtime = (stat $file)[9];
$MTIME_LIST{$file} = $mtime;

my $conf_member = $zip->memberNamed($conf_file);
next if(!defined($conf_member));
print STDERR "Including configuration from $file\n";
my $conf = $conf_member->contents;
my $err = undef;

$conf =~ s/##PARFILE##/$file/g;
if ($conf =~ /##UNPACKDIR##/) {
my $tempdir = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->dir_config('PARTempDir');
if(uc($tempdir) eq 'NONE') {
print STDERR "PARTempDir setting disallows load of $file. Skipping.\n";
my $unpackdir = $class->unpack_par($file, $tempdir);
unless(defined($unpackdir)) {
print STDERR "Unable to unpack $file. Skipping.\n";
$conf =~ s/##UNPACKDIR##/$unpackdir/g;
$UNPACK_LIST{$file} = $unpackdir;
# TODO: Use UNPACK_LIST in handler, etc to reload changed content.

unless ($mod_perl::VERSION < 1.99) {
$err = Apache2::ServerUtil->server->add_config([split /\n/, $conf]);
} else
die $err if $err;

map {$PARFILE_LIST{$_} = 1;} @pars;


sub unpack_par {
my $class = shift;
my($par, $tmpdir) = @_;

require File::Spec;
require File::Path;
require Digest::MD5;

warn "[PAR] unpacking '$par'\n" if DEBUG;
my $zip = Archive::Zip->new;
my $rv = $zip->read($par);
unless($rv == AZ_OK) {
print STDERR "Unable to read ZIP file '$par': error code $rv";
return undef;

$tmpdir ||= File::Spec->tmpdir;
unless($tmpdir) {
print STDERR "no temp directory specified";
return undef;

unless(-d $tmpdir) {
print STDERR "temp dir '$tmpdir' does not exist or is not a directory";
return undef;

my $tmppar = File::Spec->catdir($tmpdir, 'par', (File::Spec->splitpath($par))[1,2]);
# Instead of using full path, this will append MD5
# my $fh;
# unless(open $fh, '<', $par) {
# print STDERR "unable to read '$par': $!";
# return undef;
# }
# binmode($fh);
# my $md5 = Digest::MD5->new->addfile($fh)->hexdigest;
# my $tmppar = File::Spec->catdir($tmpdir, 'par', $md5);
# close($fh);

warn "[PAR] unpack dir is '$tmppar'\n" if DEBUG;

# mtime check for if MD5 approach isn't used
if (-d $tmppar) {
if (DEBUG) {
warn "[PAR] archive has been unpacked previously\n";
warn "[PAR] directory age: ", -M $tmppar, "\n";
warn "[PAR] archive age: ", -M $par, "\n";
return $tmppar if (stat($tmppar))[9] > (stat($par))[9];
warn "[PAR] removing old unpack dir '$tmppar'" if DEBUG;
File::Path::rmtree $tmppar;

# XXX Add signature check here

# unpack the files
foreach my $member ($zip->members) {
# $member->fileName is always in Unix format
# See also Archive::Zip::_asLocalName()
my $file = File::Spec->catfile($tmppar, split('/', $member->fileName));
warn "[PAR] extracting '$file'\n" if DEBUG;
my $rv = $member->extractToFileNamed($file);
unless($rv == AZ_OK) {
print STDERR "Error extracting '$file' from '$par': error code: $rv";
return undef;
if ($member->fileAttributeFormat == 3) { # unix permissions
my $perms = $member->unixFileAttributes & 0xFFF;
unless(chmod $perms, $file) {
print STDERR "chmod $perms, $file failed: $!";
return undef;

return $tmppar;



=head1 NAME

Apache2::PAR - Perl extension for including Perl ARchive files in a mod_perl (1.x or 2.x)


Inside Apache configuration:
PerlSetVar PARInclude /path/to/par/archive/directory
PerlAddVar PARInclude /path/to/a/par/file.par
PerlModule Apache2::PAR

In Apache/mod_perl 1.x environments on Win32 platforms, the following
should be used instead:

PerlSetVar PARInclude /path/to/par/archive/directory
PerlSetVar PARInclude /path/to/a/par/file.par

use Apache2::PAR;

Alternative configuration, inside a script or PERL section:
use Apache2::PAR qw(

Inside a web.conf file:

Alias /myapp/static/ ##PARFILE##/

SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache2::PAR::Static
PerlSetVar PARStaticDirectoryIndex index.htm
PerlAddVar PARStaticDirectoryIndex index.html
PerlSetVar PARStaticDefaultMIME text/html

Alias /myapp/cgi-perl/ ##PARFILE##/

Options +ExecCGI
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache2::PAR::Registry

Alias /myapp/cgi-run/ ##PARFILE##/

Options +ExecCGI
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache2::PAR::PerlRun

PerlModule MyApp::TestMod
Alias /myapp/mod/ ##PARFILE##/

SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler TestMod

Using ##UNPACKDIR## to unpack archive

Alias /myapp/static/ ##UNPACKDIR##/htdocs/

Alias /myapp/cgi-perl/ ##UNPACKDIR##/scripts/

Options +ExecCGI
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache2::Registry

Alias /myapp/cgi-run/ ##UNPACKDIR##/scripts/

Options +ExecCGI
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache2::PerlRun

PerlModule MyApp::TestMod
Alias /myapp/mod/ ##PARFILE##/

SetHandler perl-script
PerlSetEnv TestModTemplateDir ##UNPACKDIR##/template
PerlHandler TestMod

Using PerlInitHandler to reload changed modules:

PerlModule Apache2::PAR
PerlInitHandler Apache2::PAR


Apache2::PAR is a framework for including Perl ARchive files in a mod_perl (1.x or 2.x)
environment. It allows an author to package up a web application, including configuration,
static files, Perl modules, and Registry and PerlRun scripts to include in a single file.
This archive can then be moved to other locations on the same system or distributed, and
loaded with a single set of configuration options in the Apache configuration.

These modules are based on by Autrijus Tang and Archive::Zip by Ned Konz, as well as
the mod_perl modules. They extend the concept of PAR files to mod_perl, similar to how WAR
archives work for Java. An archive (which is really a zip file), contains one or more
elements which can be served to clients making requests to an Apache web server.
Scripts, modules, and static content should then be able to be served from within the .par
archive without modifications.

Apache2::PAR itself performs the work of specifying the location of PAR archives and allowing
the loading of modules from these archives. The files and paths can be specified at load time. Once an archive has been located, an optional web.conf (filename configurable) is then loaded and included into the main web configuration. Once Apache2::PAR has been loaded, Perl Apache modules within these .par files can then be loaded.

The following steps are performed on any .par files which are found within a PARInclude:

=over 4

=item * If the PARInclude is a directory, all PAR files within that directory are loaded

=item * Any .par files defined are loaded with, making any modules defined within
it visible to Apache

=item * Apache2::PAR checks for the existence of a web.conf file within each .par archive and,
if found, includes that configuration into the main Apache configuration.

=item * If a web.conf file contains the keyword C<##UNPACKDIR##>, the contents of the
archive will be unpacked during Apache startup. The location which this is unpacked to
is controlled with the PARTempDir directive.

=item * If PerlInitHandler Apache2::PAR is specified, and the contents of a PAR file change,
the archive will be reloaded (modules and content.)


=head2 Some things to note:

PerlSetVar/AddVar configuration for PARInclude and PARTempDir B be before the
PerlModule Apache2::PAR (or use Apache2::PAR line in the Apache configuration.
Any PARInclude variables (or PARDir and PARFile) after the PerlModule line will be ignored.

PARDir and PARFile directives may be used to specify the location of PAR archives, however
their use is deprecated. For new configurations, use PARInclude instead. PARInclude works
both as PARDir and PARFile by first expanding directories to include any PAR archives found

The arguments for PARInclude can be either an absolute path, or a relative path from Apache's
server_root. For example, if your Apache's server_root is /usr/local/apache, and you would
like to load .par files from a parfiles/ subdirectory, use:
PerlSetVar PARInclude parfiles/

This will then look for .par files in the /usr/local/apache/parfiles directory.

The name of the configuration file which is loaded is configurable via PARConf
(default is 'web.conf'.) For example, to set the include filename to 'include.conf' for
all .par files:
PerlSetVar PARConf include.conf

The extensions used when searching for .par archives in any directories set via PARInclude
is set using the PARExt variable in the Apache configuration (the default is 'par').
For example, to set the par extension to 'zip':
PerlSetVar PARExt zip

There is currently no way to limit which .par archive a module is loaded out of. To ensure
that the correct module is being loaded, I suggest the following convention: begin module
names with the name of the archive. For instance, a MailForm module within the MyApp.par
archive should be named MyApp::MailForm

Currently, which directory inside a .par archive modules are loaded out of is not
configurable, and is the same as defined in

=over 4

=item 1. /

=item 2. /lib/

=item 3. /arch/

=item 4. /i386-freebsd/ # i.e. $Config{archname}

=item 5. /5.8.0/ # i.e. $Config{version}

=item 6. /5.8.0/i386-freebsd/ # both of the above


By default, if a web.conf file contains a C<##UNPACKDIR##> directive, the archive will be
unpacked to a subdirectory under PARTempDir during Apache startup. The default for
PARTempDir is the platform specific temp directory (e.g. c:\temp for win32, /tmp for *nix.)
Archive unpacking may be disabled by specifying C in the Apache
configuration, however this will prevent the loading of any PAR files which require
unpacking to operate.

Changed content in PAR files is not reloaded util the next restart of Apache unless the
directive C is used. Currently, some functionality will not
change or reload when a PAR file is removed, however. This may change in a future release.


In general, Apache2::PAR should function on most platforms without changes, as it is
(currently) a perl only module. Below are notes for any known exceptions. If you have
any problems with Apache2::PAR on your platform, please contact me through one of the
methods in the CONTACT section.

=head2 Windows 32 bit

Some testing has been performed on Apache2::PAR using WIN32 platforms, with both
mod_perl 1.x and 2.x. Apache2::PAR should function as normal on these platforms, however,
an alternate configuration method is required due to differences in the Apache/mod_perl
startup sequence on that platform.

inside a PERL section or

use Apache2::PAR qw(

Additionally, you can still use PerlSetVar PARInclude, etc lines in Win32 - the
Apache2::PAR include must be via a use however (not a PerlModule directive):

inside httpd.conf (example for mod_perl 1.x, for 2.x use instead):

PerlSetVar PerlInclude /path/to/par/archive/directory
PerlAddVar PerlInclude /path/to/a/par/file.par

use Apache2::PAR;

=head1 EXPORT

None by default.


Autrijus Tang Eautrijus@autrijus.orgE for providing assistance on numerous
occasions during the development of Apache2::PAR.

Maurice Aubrey Emaurice@lovelyfilth.comE for adding the ability to unpack content
from PAR archives.

=head1 CONTACT

For questions regarding the installation or use of Apache2::PAR, either post a message on
the PAR list Epar@perl.orgE, on the sourceforge project page at
L or send an email to the author directly
at Enathan@byrd.netE.

=head1 AUTHOR

Nathan Byrd, Enathan@byrd.netE

Adapted for Apache2 by Autrijus Tang, Eautrijus@autrijus.orgE

=head1 SEE ALSO



L, L, and L.


Copyright 2002, 2003 by Nathan Byrd, Enathan@byrd.netE.

Copyright 2005 by Autrijus Tang, Eautrijus@autrijus.orgE

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.

See L