Linux Goes To War

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| Linux has been a popular choice for the military. The U.S. Navy uses Linux to
| run critical systems on its warships. The U.S. Army is using Linux for its
| networked FCS (Future Combat System) vehicles (which are still in
| development). The army is also converting many of its Microsoft Windows
| applications to run under Linux.
| It's not just the better security Linux provides, but the fact that there are
| many versions of Linux to choose from, and the operating system is easier to
| modify (being an "open source" system, unlike the proprietary Windows.)
| Currently, the U.S. Department of Defense has over 200 Linux based software
| projects in development.
| China has also gone down this route, and is trying to get all Chinese
| computer users to switch to Linux.


Navy to focus only on open systems

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| "The days of proprietary technology must come to an end," [Vice Admiral Mark
| Edwards, deputy chief of naval operations for communications] said. "We will
| no longer accept systems that couple hardware, software and data." *

Feeling the heat at Microsoft

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| A couple of years ago you reiterated that IBM was Microsoft's biggest
| competitor and you said not just on the business side, but overall. If I ask
| you who is Microsoft's biggest competitor now, who would it be? *
| Ballmer: Open...Linux. I don't want to say open source. Linux, certainly have
| to go with that.

Linux in the military to achieve double-digit growth, but performance is still

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| Due to embedded Linux's "networking and communication strengths," there is a
| predicted military/aerospace CAGR of 13.3 percent. This makes
| military/aerospace the second-fastest growing market for embedded Linux.
| As contributing factors causing the growth of Linux in the embedded systems
| industry, VDC cites: the use of Linux in real-time, safety-/mission-critical,
| and secure applications; a growing understanding of the intellectual property
| issues of the GPL license used for Linux; and industry forces driving greater
| standardization.

Europe bangs on about cybercrime while US develops cyber warfare

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| Meanwhile, while Europe frets about cybercrime and how to get small and
| relatively harmless countries like Romania (1.5 per cent of online crime, as
| opposed to the USA’s 63.2 per cent) to ratify its little treaty, the U.S.
| military has hinted that it will expand its cyber crime to cyber warfare in
| the near future. * *
| Lt. Gen. Robert J. Elder Jr., who heads the Air Force's cyber operations
| command told the press that the military was currently developing ways to
| launch virtual attacks on enemies *


Lockheed Martin Purchased Over $1 Million of Concurrent's RedHawk Real-Time
Linux for U.S. Navy Next Generation Aegis Weapon System

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| Concurrent's NightStar for RedHawk Linux is a powerful, integrated tool set
| for developing time-critical applications. NightStar tools run with minimal
| intrusion, *

Concurrent to Supply Real-Time Linux Solution to the U.S. Navy for Missile
Simulator Development

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| The simulator will be used to determine the effectiveness of Navy and Marine
| Corps aircraft countermeasure systems that protect the aircraft from hostile
| missiles. *

Navy CIO 'recognizes the importance of OSS to the warfighter'

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| John Weathersby, executive director of the Open Source Software
| Institute, told today that, effective immediately, the
| Department of the Navy has adopted a new policy which requires that
| open source software must be considered in every software
| acquisition the Navy makes.

Raytheon Sails Into Battle With Linux

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| Among its major capabilities, TSCEI 4.0 supports IBM blade server
| processors running the Red Hat Linux operating system. It is the first of
| four planned increments supporting DDG 1000 Release 4 software.

Linux helps Navy keep high-tech weapon system updated

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| General-purpose computing systems (in other words: personal computers
| and workstations) could be useful within a variety of control systems
| as human machine interface (HMI) platforms, network interface systems
| and even host computers, but many engineers hesitate to incorporate
| them because of the many stability and security issues surrounding the
| dominant PC operating system, Microsoft Windows XP. Linux provides an
| open-source alternative that avoids these Microsoft-related issues. As
| more engineers become acquainted with Linux, and Linux vendors make
| their implementations easier to use, PCs running Linux OS have begun
| to appear in many mission-critical applications.
| For example, Real-Time Innovations (RTI) and Concurrent Computer Corp.
| have partnered to provide RTI's standards-based real-time data
| distribution middleware with Concurrent's RedHawk Linux in support of
| the U.S. Navy's Aegis Open Architecture program.
| [...]
| Concurrent's RedHawk Linux provides fast response to external events,
| optimized interprocess communication, and high I/O throughput needed for
| time-critical applications. The operating system has gained acceptance as
| a leading real-time Linux platform for high-performance applications,
| guaranteeing response on a dedicated processor to an external event in
| less than 30 microseconds.

US Navy approves eZ Publish for DASN

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| The ATI team and the DASN (ACQ) Web Site Director Page Glennie decided that,
| given the funding constraints, an Open Source solution should be
| investigated. Open Source software is increasingly becoming a more popular
| alternative within industry, commercial, and educational sectors. However,
| within the Navy, security vulnerabilities are always a concern. Since the
| information on the web site is unclassified and available to the general
| public, the ATI team considered the associated security risks minimal. They
| determined that with selection of the right Open Source product and with
| proper security and information assurance protections in place it could be a
| successful implementation for DASN (ACQ). In the Open Source evaluation, ATI
| developed a list of twenty-eight Open Source CMS products. * * * * *

Open-Source Security: Trust, But Verify

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| What do those customers have to say about Coverity's findings? As a rule,
| about as much as Coverity has to say about them. With very few exceptions,
| you'll have to trust them when they tell you their proprietary software is
| really, really secure -- and that if any bugs somehow show up in their code,
| they get squashed quicker than you can say "regression error." * *
| Or, if you're Microsoft, they get squashed every Tuesday. Maybe.
| All kidding aside, it's cynical -- and almost certainly wrong -- to claim
| that most vendors see the "black box" approach to software security as just
| another product-marketing tactic. Alerting every black-hat on the planet to
| an unpatched security flaw poses serious risks both to the vendor and
| especially to its customers. On the other hand, it is also true that some
| flaws are paper tigers that have zero chance of spawning real-world exploits.
| In such cases, a company may have better things to do with its
| software-development resources -- unless, of course, a competitor gets wind
| of the bug and turns it into a handy PR bludgeon. * * * *

US Navy acquisitions site uses open source CMS

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| Minor hadn't used open source software extensively, so she commissioned a
| research project. "We did a full-fledged market research study on open source
| CMS products. We called out a list of 28, and did a complete analysis based
| on our requirements and the Navy's needs. *