On Mon, January 7, 2008 20:06, Brice Figureau wrote:
> On Mon, January 7, 2008 18:20, Randy Dunlap wrote:
>> On Mon, 07 Jan 2008 16:48:54 +0100 Brice Figureau wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> I'm seeing a strange complete server freeze/lock-up on an bi-Xeon HT
>>> amd64 server running standard debian 2.6.22 (and before that vanilla
>>> 2.6.19.x and 2.6.20.x which exhibited the same issue).
>>> I'm only reporting it now, since I could get a full sysrq-t only this
>>> morning.
>>> The symptoms are that every 5 to 7 days, the server (which acts as a MX
>>> along with a few low traffic websites) locks-up. The ipmi watchdog is
>>> unable to reboot the server (and doesn't even trigger, since there is
>>> no
>>> evidence in the esmlog), the machine is still pingable. I can't ssh to
>>> it, but I can enter my login & password on a serial console, but no
>>> shell is started.
>>> Pressing sysrq-t produced the trace hosted here:
>>> http://www.daysofwonder.com/bug/crash-server1.txt.gz
>>> It happened one time when I was connected to the server through ssh and
>>> I could see that the load started to increase well above 100. It was
>>> then impossible to launch new process from the command-line (and I had
>>> to reboot manually).
>>> It happened also last week, and the server was stuck for about 6 hours.
>>> When I started investigating what was wrong, it slowly came back to
>>> life
>>> (with an avg 1-min load of more than 1500, and tons of cron processes
>>> running in parallel).
>>> I'm not really familiar with kernel development so I can't really find
>>> the issue in the aforementioned trace output.
>>> What I think is that for some reason there is a race/deadlock that
>>> finally prevents new processes to really start (which in turns produces
>>> the high load).
>>> What seems suspect in the aforementioned trace is:
>>> *) lot of processes stacktrace ends in __mod_timer+0xc3/0xd3
>>> which seems to be this line from kernel/timer.c
>>> 415 timer->expires = expires;
>>> 416 internal_add_timer(base, timer);
>>> --> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags);
>>> 419 return ret;
>>> 420 }
>>> *) lot of processes stacktrace ends in __mutex_lock_slowpath and/or
>>> zone_statistics

>> There are also lots of processes in D state (usually waiting
>> for I/O to complete). And jbd is in their stack traces.
>> How is/are the ext3 filesystems mounted? I mean what data=xyz
>> mode? data=journal (the heaviest duty mode) has at least one
>> known deadlock. If you are using data=journal, you could try
>> switching to data=ordered...

> Thanks for the answer.
> I'm using whatever is the default mount option (which I think is
> data=ordered). The only other mount option I use is nodiratime,noatime.

I'm sorry, I stand corrected, there is a data=journal option but not on a
mount point, as an attribute of a bunch of directories (postfix queues):
# lsattr /var/spool/postfix/
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/active
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/bounce
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/corrupt
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/defer
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/deferred
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/flush
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/hold
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/incoming
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/private
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/maildrop
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/public
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/pid
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/saved
-------A-----j---- /var/spool/postfix/trace

The idea was that queue file are short-lived files and thus they could
only be stored in the journal and never hit the regular data area.

So I might have hit the deadlock you were talking about.
I just disabled this setup, we'll see if that changes anything.

Note that I was using this setup since 2.4 time, the problem appeared only
a few kernel revisions ago (around 2.6.18 I think).

Brice Figureau

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/