Thank you very much for your kindness,

and I came back again after a long time.sorry.

I've spent quite time with cpufreq and acpidump , and renewed.

Prelude:
This is the first time of my kernel driver developping, so, i'm very
happy with this, but some mistake would be there!

Hardware P-state is a new power state of AMD Family 10h.
powernow.c has also p-state. So i renamed pstate.c to hwpstate.c.

From "acpidump -d" , my mother board has only two hw-pstate.
It is very few for me. But my old kernel driver was dangerlous.
So I decided to use for bios pstate. only 2 state though.
but I think it is a compromise.
and 1250 MHz is supported by the bios .so that's enough.

Changelog:
1). with many verbose message without boot -v.
you can hush up with hwpstate_verbose=0 in the source. (not sysctl, I
don't know how to make it :-) ).
2). renamed to hwpstate.c. because powernow.c has also a pstate.
3). looking at the bios supported hardware P-state. So it is not dangerous ( I hope.)

How to install and more:
( 0. shell> /etc/rc.d/powerd stop )
1. shell> patch < "[this mail]"
2. shell> cp hwpstate.c /sys/i386/cpufreq/
3. edit /sys/modules/cpufreq/Makefile and change,
-SRCS+= est.c p4tcc.c powernow.c
+SRCS+= est.c p4tcc.c powernow.c hwpstate.c
4. delete the line "device cpufreq" from KERNCONF file.
and make kernel without cpufreq.
5. shell> cd /sys/module/cpufreq/ && make && make install
6. "umount -a" or "mount -u -o ro /somewhere" as possible, and sync;sync;sync; )
7. shell> kldload cpufreq
8. the verbose messages will be there.
9, shell> sysctl dev.cpu.0.freq_levels
10, shell> sysctl dev.cpu.0.freq=XXXX
11, shell> /etc/rc.d/powerd start

Please try this renewed cpufreq module if there is Phenom or Opteron [128]3XX 's.
Thank you in advance.

Best Regards,
G. Otsuji

--- /dev/null 2008-11-01 22:22:00.000000000 +0900
+++ ./hwpstate.c 2008-11-01 22:23:15.000000000 +0900
@@ -0,0 +1,372 @@
+/*-
+ * Copyright (c) 2008 Gen Otsuji
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted providing that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
+ * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
+ * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
+ * DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
+ * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
+ * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
+ * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
+ * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
+ * IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
+ * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Reference:
+ * Rev 3.06 March 26, 2008 - BIOS and Kernel Developer's Guide(BKDG)
+ * for AMD Family 10h Processors
+ */
+
+#include
+__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");
+
+#include
+#include
+#include
+#include
+#include
+#include
+#include
+#include
+
+#include
+#include
+
+#include "acpi_if.h"
+#include "cpufreq_if.h"
+
+#define MSR_AMD10H_LIMIT 0xc0010061
+#define MSR_AMD10H_CONTROL 0xc0010062
+#define MSR_AMD10H_STATUS 0xc0010063
+#define MSR_AMD10H_CONFIG 0xc0010064
+#define AMD10H_PVI_MODE 1
+#define AMD10H_SVI_MODE 0
+#define AMD10H_MAX_STATES 16
+
+/* for MSR_AMD10H_LIMIT C001_0061 */
+#define AMD10H_GET_PSTATE_MAX_VAL(msr) (((msr) >> 4) & 0xF)
+/* for MSR_AMD10H_CONFIG C001_0064:68 */
+#define MSR_AMD10H_CUR_VID(msr) (((msr) >> 9) & 0x3F)
+#define MSR_AMD10H_CUR_DID(msr) (((msr) >> 6) & 0x07)
+#define MSR_AMD10H_CUR_FID(msr) ((msr) & 0x3F)
+
+/**
+ * setting this to 0 can hush up verbose messages.
+ */
+static int hwpstate_verbose = 1;
+
+struct hwpstate_setting {
+ int freq; /* CPU clock in Mhz or 100ths of a percent. */
+ int volts; /* Voltage in mV. */
+ int power; /* Power consumed in mW. */
+ int lat; /* Transition latency in us. */
+ int pstate_id;
+ device_t dev; /* Driver providing this setting. */
+};
+
+struct hwpstate_softc {
+ device_t dev;
+ struct hwpstate_setting hwpstate_settings[AMD10H_MAX_STATES];
+ int cfnum;
+ int voltage_mode; /* for AMD10H_PVI_MODE / AMD10H_SVI_MODE */
+ int curpstate;
+};
+
+static void hwpstate_identify(driver_t * driver, device_t parent);
+static int hwpstate_probe(device_t dev);
+static int hwpstate_attach(device_t dev);
+static int hwpstate_detach(device_t dev);
+static int hwpstate_set(device_t dev, const struct cf_setting *cf);
+static int hwpstate_get(device_t dev, struct cf_setting *cf);
+static int hwpstate_settings(device_t dev, struct cf_setting *sets, int *count);
+static int hwpstate_type(device_t dev, int *type);
+static int hwpstate_shutdown(device_t dev);
+static int hwpstate_features(driver_t * driver, u_int * features);
+
+static device_method_t hwpstate_methods[] = {
+ /* Device interface */
+ DEVMETHOD(device_identify, hwpstate_identify),
+ DEVMETHOD(device_probe, hwpstate_probe),
+ DEVMETHOD(device_attach, hwpstate_attach),
+ DEVMETHOD(device_detach, hwpstate_detach),
+ DEVMETHOD(device_shutdown, hwpstate_shutdown),
+
+ /* cpufreq interface */
+ DEVMETHOD(cpufreq_drv_set, hwpstate_set),
+ DEVMETHOD(cpufreq_drv_get, hwpstate_get),
+ DEVMETHOD(cpufreq_drv_settings, hwpstate_settings),
+ DEVMETHOD(cpufreq_drv_type, hwpstate_type),
+
+ /* ACPI interface */
+ DEVMETHOD(acpi_get_features, hwpstate_features),
+
+ {0, 0}
+};
+
+static devclass_t hwpstate_devclass;
+static driver_t hwpstate_driver = {
+ "hwpstate",
+ hwpstate_methods,
+ sizeof(struct hwpstate_softc),
+};
+DRIVER_MODULE(hwpstate, cpu, hwpstate_driver, hwpstate_devclass, 0, 0);
+
+static void
+hwpstate_goto_pstate(device_t dev,int pstate)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ uint64_t msr;
+ int i;
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+ sc->curpstate = pstate;
+ wrmsr(MSR_AMD10H_CONTROL, pstate);
+ for(i=0;i<100;i++){
+ msr=rdmsr(MSR_AMD10H_STATUS);
+ if(msr==pstate){
+ break;
+ }
+ DELAY(100);
+ }
+ msr=rdmsr(MSR_AMD10H_STATUS);
+ if(hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev,"Now P%d-state.\n",(int)msr);
+ return;
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_set(device_t dev, const struct cf_setting *cf)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ struct hwpstate_setting *set;
+ int i;
+ if (cf == NULL)
+ return (EINVAL);
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+ set = sc->hwpstate_settings;
+ for (i = 0; i < sc->cfnum; i++)
+ if (cf->freq == set[i].freq)
+ break;
+ if (i == sc->cfnum)
+ return EINVAL;
+ if(hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev,"goto P%d-state\n",set[i].pstate_id);
+ sc->curpstate = set[i].pstate_id;
+ hwpstate_goto_pstate(dev,set[i].pstate_id);
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_get(device_t dev, struct cf_setting *cf)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ struct hwpstate_setting set;
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+ if (cf == NULL)
+ return (EINVAL);
+ set = sc->hwpstate_settings[sc->curpstate];
+ cf->freq = set.freq;
+ cf->volts = set.volts;
+ cf->power = CPUFREQ_VAL_UNKNOWN;
+ cf->lat = 16;
+ cf->dev = dev;
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_settings(device_t dev, struct cf_setting *sets, int *count)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ struct hwpstate_setting set;
+ int i;
+ if (sets == NULL || count == NULL)
+ return (EINVAL);
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+ if (*count < sc->cfnum)
+ return (E2BIG);
+ for (i = 0; i < sc->cfnum; i++, sets++) {
+ set = sc->hwpstate_settings[i];
+ sets->freq = set.freq;
+ sets->volts = set.volts;
+ sets->power = set.power;
+ sets->lat = set.lat;
+ sets->dev = set.dev;
+ }
+ *count = sc->cfnum;
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_type(device_t dev, int *type)
+{
+
+ if (type == NULL)
+ return (EINVAL);
+ *type = CPUFREQ_TYPE_ABSOLUTE;
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_is_capable(void)
+{
+ u_int regs[4];
+ if (strcmp(cpu_vendor, "AuthenticAMD") != 0 ||
+ cpu_exthigh < 0x80000007)
+ return (FALSE);
+ do_cpuid(0x80000007, regs);
+ if (regs[3] & 0x80) { /* HwPstate Enable bit */
+ return (TRUE);
+ }
+ return (FALSE);
+}
+
+static void
+hwpstate_identify(driver_t * driver, device_t parent)
+{
+ device_t child;
+ if (device_find_child(parent, "hwpstate", -1) != NULL) {
+ return;
+ }
+ if ((child = BUS_ADD_CHILD(parent, 10, "hwpstate", -1)) == NULL)
+ device_printf(parent, "hwpstate: add child failed\n");
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_probe(device_t dev)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ device_t perf_dev;
+ uint64_t msr;
+ int error, type;
+ if (resource_disabled("hwpstate", 0))
+ return (ENXIO);
+
+ /* this had not to be in hwpstate_identify() */
+ if (hwpstate_is_capable() == FALSE) {
+ return (ENXIO);
+ }
+ perf_dev = device_find_child(device_get_parent(dev), "acpi_perf", -1);
+ if (perf_dev && device_is_attached(perf_dev)) {
+ error = CPUFREQ_DRV_TYPE(perf_dev, &type);
+ if (error == 0 && (type & CPUFREQ_FLAG_INFO_ONLY) == 0)
+ return (ENXIO);
+ }
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+ switch (cpu_id) {
+ case 0x100f2A: /* family 10h rev.DR-BA */
+ case 0x100f22: /* family 10h rev.DR-B2 */
+ case 0x100f23: /* family 10h rev.DR-B3 */
+ break;
+ default:
+ return (ENXIO);
+ }
+ msr = rdmsr(MSR_AMD10H_LIMIT);
+ sc->cfnum = AMD10H_GET_PSTATE_MAX_VAL(msr);
+ if (sc->cfnum == 0) {
+ device_printf(dev, "hardware-pstate is not supported by the bios.\n");
+ return ENXIO;
+ }
+ device_set_desc(dev, "Cool`n'Quiet 2.0");
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_attach(device_t dev)
+{
+ struct hwpstate_softc *sc;
+ struct hwpstate_setting *set;
+ device_t F3;
+ uint64_t msr;
+ uint32_t cfg;
+ int i, vid, did, fid;
+ sc = device_get_softc(dev);
+
+ /**
+ * following 24 means the 1st cpu. 25-31 instead of 24 is MP system.
+ * I don't have MP system . But only for reading from 1st cpu.
+ * so if the same 2*cpu , 4*cpu ,or 8*cpu , this can work , I think.
+ */
+ F3 = pci_find_bsf(0, 24, 3);
+ cfg = pci_read_config(F3, 0xA0, 4);
+ if (cfg & 0x10) { /* PVI mode */
+ if (hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev, "PVI mode\n");
+ sc->voltage_mode = AMD10H_PVI_MODE;
+ } else { /* SVI mode */
+ if (hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev, "SVI mode\n");
+ sc->voltage_mode = AMD10H_SVI_MODE;
+ }
+ msr = rdmsr(MSR_AMD10H_LIMIT);
+ sc->cfnum = 1 + AMD10H_GET_PSTATE_MAX_VAL(msr);
+ if (hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev, "you have %d P-state.\n", sc->cfnum);
+ set = sc->hwpstate_settings;
+ for (i = 0; i < sc->cfnum; i++, set++) {
+ msr = rdmsr(MSR_AMD10H_CONFIG + i);
+ if ((msr & 0x8000000000000000)) {
+ vid = MSR_AMD10H_CUR_VID(msr);
+ did = MSR_AMD10H_CUR_DID(msr);
+ fid = MSR_AMD10H_CUR_FID(msr);
+ set->freq = 100 * (fid + 0x10) / (1 << did);
+ if (sc->voltage_mode == AMD10H_PVI_MODE) {
+ /* 2.4.1.6.2 Parallel VID Encodings */
+ if (vid >= 0x20)
+ set->volts = (7625 - 125 * (vid - 0x20)) / 10;
+ else
+ set->volts = 1550 - 25 * vid;
+ } else {
+ /* 2.4.1.6.3 Serial VID Encodings */
+ if (vid >= 0x7F)
+ set->volts = 0;
+ else
+ set->volts = (15500 - 125 * vid) / 10;
+ }
+ if (hwpstate_verbose)
+ device_printf(dev, "freq=%dMHz volts=%dmV\n", set->freq, set->volts);
+ set->pstate_id = i;
+ set->power = CPUFREQ_VAL_UNKNOWN;
+ set->lat = 16;
+ set->dev = dev;
+ }
+ }
+ cpufreq_register(dev);
+ hwpstate_goto_pstate(dev,0);
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_detach(device_t dev)
+{
+
+ hwpstate_goto_pstate(dev,0);
+ return (cpufreq_unregister(dev));
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_shutdown(device_t dev)
+{
+
+ hwpstate_goto_pstate(dev,0);
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static int
+hwpstate_features(driver_t * driver, u_int * features)
+{
+
+ *features = ACPI_CAP_PERF_MSRS;
+ return (0);
+}
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