This is a discussion on Multi-machine mirroring choices - FreeBSD ; With the introduction of zfs to FreeBSD 7.0, a door has opened for more mirroring options so I would like to get some opinions on what direction I should take for the following scenario. Basically I have 2 machines that ...
With the introduction of zfs to FreeBSD 7.0, a door has opened for more
mirroring options so I would like to get some opinions on what direction
I should take for the following scenario.
Basically I have 2 machines that are "clones" of each other (master and
slave) wherein one will be serving up samba shares. Each server has one
disk to hold the OS (not mirrored) and then 3 disks, each of which will
be its own mountpoint and samba share. The idea is to create a mirror of
each of these disks on the slave machine so that in the event the master
goes down, the slave can pick up serving the samba shares (I am using
CARP as the samba server IP address).
My initial thought was to have the slave set up as an iscsi target and
then have the master connect to each drive, then create a gmirror or
zpool mirror using local_data1:iscsi_data1, local_data2:iscsi_data2, and
local_data3:iscsi_data3. After some feedback (P.French for example) it
would appear as though iscsi may not be the way to go for this as it
locks up when the target goes down and even though I may be able to
remove the target from the mirror, that process may fail as the "disk"
remains in "D" state.
So that leaves me with the following options:
1) ggated/ggatec + gmirror
2) ggated/ggatec + zfs (zpool mirror)
3) zfs send/recv incremental snapshots (ssh)
1) I have been using ggated/ggatec on a set of 6.2-REL boxes and find
that ggated tends to fail after some time leaving me rebuilding the
mirror periodically (and gmirror resilvering takes quite some time). Has
ggated/ggatec performance and stability improved in 7.0? This
combination does work, but it is high maintenance and automating it is a
bit painful (in terms of re-establishing the gmirror and rebuilding and
making sure the master machine is the one being read from).
2) Noting the issues with ggated/ggatec in (1), would a zpool be better
at rebuilding the mirror? I understand that it can better determine
which drive of the mirror is out of sync than can gmirror so a lot of
the "insert" "rebuild" manipulations used with gmirror would not be
3) The send/recv feature of zfs was something I had not even considered
until very recently. My understanding is that this would work by a)
taking a snapshot of master_data1 b) zfs sending that snapshot to
slave_data1 c) via ssh on pipe, receiving that snapshot on slave_data1
and then d) doing incremental snapshots, sending, receiving as in
(a)(b)(c). How time/cpu intensive is the snapshot generation and just
how granular could this be done? I would imagine for systems with litle
traffic/changes this could be practical but what about systems that may
see a lot of files added, modified, deleted to the filesystem(s)?
I would be interested to hear anyone's experience with any (or all) of
these methods and caveats of each. I am leaning towards ggate(dc) +
zpool at the moment assuming that zfs can "smartly" rebuild the mirror
after the slave's ggated processes bug out.
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