Re: FreeBSD 7.0-RELEASE Available
Quoting Matthew Seaman <firstname.lastname@example.org>:
> [email]email@example.com[/email] wrote:
>>> On behalf of the FreeBSD Project thanks for your interest in FreeBSD.
>>> We hope you enjoy the new release.[/color]
>> I've just spent the whole morning installing it on my office desktop.
>> It was an awful experience: installing packages from the three CDs
>> kept making
>> me switch from one CD to the other then to the previous one before
>> the next one
>> All in all about twenty-times !!! (sometimes just for ONE package,
>> for Christ's
>> sake !)
>> It was particularly annoying, especially with those Linux guys
>> around sneering
>> when comparing it to their smooth install.[/color][/color]
BSD is /different/. Which is /not/ bad, just /different/. :)
I ventured a "cheat sheet" for a build/install world/kernel for
someone on this list. I'll venture an Install "cheat sheet" here. :)
OK. First things first:
download your choice of either <version>-RELEASE-<arc>-disc1.iso,
or <version>-RELEASE-<arc>-bootonly.iso. I prefer disc1, and will
assume so for the rest of this post
* burn downloaded CD (it's possible to mount/install it in iso
form, but I'll not go into that here).
* boot to burned cd
* choose minimal - smallest available option (can't recall the
* choose and make any required settings that insure working
internet connection upon reboot.
* log on as root - or su to root after logging on as regular user
* type /usr/sbin/sysinstall - this brings up the installer again
* choose post install
* choose install additional ports/packages
* choose net/cvsup-without-gui
* when finished, exit the installer
* now at the shell again, OK. There's probably a little contention
here; some might argue
that you should choose to install /usr/src while in sysinstall.
But I hate doing things twice, and since I always have a recent
copy of /usr/src/examples/cvsup/stable-supfile, and
/usr/src/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile around, and simply copy
them to my /root/ folder. That said, if you /don't/ already have
a copy of both, use sysinstall to grab/install src.
in either case:
* at your shell, with a recent copy of
edit both of them adding your chosen freebsd location
* When finished, run the following:
cvsup -g -L 2 /root/stable-supfile
This assumes stable-supfile is located in your /root/
folder - adjust to it's location.
* When finished, type rehash. Then run the following:
cvsup -g -L 2 /root/ports-supfile
NOTE: had this /not/ been a fresh install, I would have suggested
cvsup -g -L 2 /root/ports-supfile && portsdb -uU && pkgdb -F
more on this later.
* when cvsup finishes, type rehash.
* cd to /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portaudit
* type make && make install && make clean
* when it completes, type rehash
* now type portaudit -Fda. This will inform you of security
issues related to your version(s) of ports
* now cd to /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portupgrade
These contain the ports I mentioned in the NOTE above.
* type make && make install && make clean
* type rehash
* Now, next time you update your ports, you'll be able to
generate, and keep your ports INDEX in sync
* OK now you're in good shape, you'll probably want to
cd /usr/src/sys/<arc>/conf and cp ./GENERIC to your choice
of kernel name. Edit it to your satisfaction. Then do
a buildworld/kernel installkernel/world session
In any event you're now in a position to build/install
anything the BSD ports system has to offer. While this /may/
seem like a long process, it's not. It's very quick. In fact
it /is/ faster than the Linux GUI install process - I just
performed one the other day. Then blew it away and replaced
it with a fresh copy of RELENG_7. :)
> People in the know, and those with reasonable network bandwidth, generally
> use either the 'boot only' or just the 'disk 1' CDs to install a pretty
> minimal system, and then install packages, run cvsup, use freebsd updates
> etc. from the net. It's a whole lot smoother than juggling CDs.
> Dr Matthew J Seaman MA, D.Phil. 7 Priory Courtyard
> Flat 3
> PGP: [url]http://www.infracaninophile.co.uk/pgpkey[/url] Ramsgate
> Kent, CT11 9PW
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