An apex name is just the name of a zone itself. www.domain.com is
usually _not_ an apex name; it's usually just the "www" node under the
domain.com zone.

The record that is presumably -- if it's an apex name -- illegal in your
example is "domain.com. IN CNAME www".

The other one should be fine as long as myserver.beta.domain.com doesn't
own a CNAME.

Again, the relevant rules are:
1) if other data is present at a node (which is true by edict for an
apex), it can't own a CNAME
2) you can't point one CNAME at another CNAME

The reason we have to hedge this constantly with "if it's an apex name"
is because we don't assume that this is the Internet DNS. It could be a
private DNS with a "fake" root. In the Internet DNS, domain.com is
always going to be an apex name, because the maintainers of "com" always
delegate subdomains as zones. In a private DNS, "domain.com" could be
just-another-leaf-node in the private "com" zone or even the private
root zone itself.

If you would confirm that this is the Internet DNS, then we could state
unequivocally that "domain.com. IN CNAME www" is illegal.


- Kevin

Beavis wrote:
> I'm a bind newbie i don't know what an apex is. what I'm trying to do is.
>
> direct traffic from www.domain.com ---> myserver.beta.domain.com.
>
> any help will be awesomely appreciated.
>
> -b
>
> On Fri, Oct 10, 2008 at 2:59 PM, Kevin Darcy wrote:
>
>> Beavis wrote:
>>
>>> Greetings,
>>>
>>> Just wanted to ask if this is a possible scenario.
>>>
>>>
>>> domain.com. IN CNAME www
>>> www IN CNAME myserver.beta.domain.com.
>>>
>>>

>> I assume domain.com is the "apex" name of a _zone_, right?
>>
>> If so, then the above is illegal. Why? Because at the apex of a zone you
>> have an SOA record and at least 2 NS records. The rule is: you can't
>> have a CNAME at a node if there is other data present at that node. So
>> the presence of the SOA/NS records forbid the creation of the CNAME.
>> You'll get a "CNAME and other data" error if you try this.
>>
>> It is, however, perfectly legal and acceptable for www.domain.com to own
>> a CNAME pointing at a zone apex, or any other name that does not itself
>> own a CNAME, -unless- www.domain.com is itself a subzone of domain.com.
>>
>> Short version of answer: you can't CNAME the apex of a zone.
>>
>>
>> - Kevin
>>
>>
>>
>>

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>
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